Following the American Civil War Sesquicentennial with day by day writings of the time, currently 1863.

July 8.—An engagement occurred at Boonsboro, Md., between the National cavalry, under Generals Buford and Kilpatrick, and the rebels, under Generals J. E. B. Stuart, Hampton, and Jones, resulting in the defeat of the latter.— (Doc. 32.)

—The brig W. B. Nash, in latitude 40°, longitude 70°, was captured and burned by the rebel privateer Florida.—At Louisville, Ky., a meeting of the citizens was held to take measures for the defence of that city, then threatened by the rebels, supposed to be under Generals Morgan and Buckner. A resolution was adopted: “That all male citizens between the ages of eighteen and forty-five be enrolled into companies for service, if required, and that all such who refuse shall be sent to the North.”

—General Burnside, at Cincinnati, Ohio, issued a general order, giving directions for the conduct of the military affairs of his department in cases of habeas corpus.—A Company of General Stahel’s cavalry under Colonel Wynkoop, on a reconnoissance near Hagerstown, Md., succeeded in capturing a rebel company, consisting of two officers and fifty men, who were sent to Carlisle, Pa.—Two rebel schooners were destroyed at the Rio Grande, Texas, by a party of men, belonging to the National gunboat Scioto.—A Detachment of National cavalry, under the command of Captain Greenfield and Lieutenant Kelley, of General Kelley’s command, captured a train of fifteen wagons, sixty mules, two officers and twenty men, with their horses, at a point four miles from Williamsport, Md.—There was a heavy freshet in the Potomac River, which, it was supposed, would prevent the crossing of the retreating army under the rebel General Lee.— General Dabney H. Maury, commanding the rebel department of the Gulf, at Mobile, Ala., issued the following to the citizens of that place and its vicinity:

“The calamity which has befallen our arms at Vicksburgh has a peculiar significance for you. Mobile may be attacked within a very short time, and we must make every preparation for its successful defence.

“All able-bodied men within the limits of the city and county must at once organize into companies, and report for duty in defence of this position. Owners of able-bodied slaves are urged to send them immediately to work on the fortifications.

“Brigadier-General Slaughter will receive the reports of the companies which may be organized, have arms issued to such as have none, give orders for their instruction, and assign them to their stations.

“Reports of slaves for labor on the defences may be made to Brigadier-General Leadbetter, who has made arrangements for their good treatment while in his employ.”—Port Hudson, La., was surrendered to the Union General Banks, by the rebel commander Frank Gardner. — (Docs. 38 and 89.)

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